Planning of course is extremely important in successful running an organization. For development of an organization. Palming must be seriously utilized. This work was carried out in Elephant Flour Mills Ogbomoso. The researcher find out how planning is carried out in this company and the problems faced by them. In order to find out these problems, various textbooks were consulted journals. Newspapers were used as means of secondary data. Questionnaires were also administered. They were multiple choice questionnaires. Findings were made and conclusions were drawn from the findings. it was known that though effective use of strategies planning, It will contribute to the growth of an organization. In view of these findings and conclusion, The researcher made some recommendations, That from strategic planning to vied its concomitant positive results the strategies decision makers should not fail to utilize the information at their disposal effectively.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title page i
Table of content vi
1.0 Introduction 1
1.1 Objective of the Study 1
1.2 Scope of the Study 2
1.3 Purpose of the Study 2
1.4 Limitations of the Study 3
1.5 Research Questions 3
1.6 Research of Hypothesis 4
1.7 Historical Background of NDE and Organ. Chart 4
1.8 Definition of Terms and Concept 5
2.0 Literature Review 6
2.1 Introduction 6
2.2 Theoretical Frame Work 8
3.0 Research Methodology 13
3.1 Research Design 13
3.2 Population Size 13
3.3 Sample Size and Sampling Techniques 13
3.4 Methods Used for picking the Sample 13
3.4 Source of Data Use 13
3.5 Methods Used for Collection the Primary Data 14
3.7 Stationed Tool Used for Data Analysis 14
3.8 Decision Criteria 14
4.0 Presentation and Analysis of Data 15
4.1 Analysis of Responses 15
4.2 Data Analysis 15
4.3 Testing of Hypothesis 18
4.4 Strategic Planning and Organizational Productivity 19
5.0 Summary, Conclusions, Recommendations, and
Suggestions for Studies 20
5.1 Summary 20
5.2 Recommendations 20
5.3 Conclusion 21
Appendix I 22
Appendix II 23
Appendix III 25
The most important process among all the element of management is planning. its note worthy that, the world and particular the business environments as well as, the educational sector, and manager in business and administration make fully use of planning to which data is collected, organized to analyzed, interpreted and implemented to help the business magnate of today to prevent difficulty that may implicate their decision and the established organizational goal’s and objectives.
The study and application of planning into the business world has helped the three essential aspect of planning viz: 1, unlimited want, limited resources. And satisfaction of the want with the scarce resources.
The introduction an study of planning has immensely help in solving managerial problem in its decision making process.
Decision making is most vital role to be performed by manager as result if they make use of planning technique in the process.
Planning is an integral and indispensable process to give organization its objective and set out the best procedure for reaching them. It obtains and conduit resources required to reach its objectives, carrying on activities consistent with the chosen objective, monitored and measured it so that panacea will be easy on the unsatisfactory action.
The definition of organization as a group of people bond together to provide unity actor for the achievement of a predetermined objective, is based on the proposed plan. These means, planning is a process of coordinating human effort to accomplish a common objective, it can also be seen that planning is an independent variable, while organization is dependent variable. Any organization success or failure depends on how well it has been positively combined with the use of planning.
Lastly, the technique developed by managers to assist in meeting (statistical analysis) which enables the manager to always draw necessary conclusion where he or she is accessible to many raw organization data.
1.1 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
The major reason of this study is based on how planning helps in achieving organizational productivity.
Also, to critically examine the list of available planning tools in terms of achieving organizational productivity and thereby practicalzing and executing as their as importance towards achieving organizational objectives in terms of greater productivity and thereby making huge profit which it is the ultimate goal.
- To show the effect of planning as tools in achieving organization productivity.
- To testify the way and manner in which planning is being applied in elephant Flour Mills, Nigeria and how effective they are using planning to attain and increase their organization goals.
- Do determine what consideration and organization bears in mind when designing tools in achieving its managerial decision.
- To find out precisely, the planning that is available and suitable to the organization in order to obtain the highest capacity of labour force.
- To point out and discuss the usefulness of planning techniques on corporate aim and also show the rational behind planning techniques viz a viz organizational objectives.
1.2 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The scope of this is limited to the “Elephant Flour Mills, Nigeria”.
Within the company however. All categories of stall” were studied as questionnaire distribution across the entire organization ranging from the floor workers, the supervisors and the foreman that is the middle organization team and the executives.
This study cover area like why manager uses planning techniques solved problem, analyzed of importance of planning in relation to organization and how planning techniques are being developed to solve organization problem.
1.3 PURPOSE OF STUDY
The first major purpose of this research on the study is to examine and expatiate fully “planning as a tool for achieving organizational productivity”
Furthermore, the study will look at the application of planning in managerial functions. It also focus on the extent at which planning play an important role in correcting the past, present and future problem of an organization through statistical tools. An attempt would also make to find out major problems facing organization in terms of manipulation of decision to be made.
Also, the potential manager in an organization will be able to anticipate, prepare for planning in advance with various aspect of planning tools for achieving its managerial objectives.
In addition, this study would contribute to the present knowledge of man in the field of planning tools and organization and it might as well serve as a take of stage for the future researcher. These researches would also take a critical look at these two variables: planning (as independent variable) and organization (as dependent variable) and how far the planning technique play an important role in making organization decision to correct problems.
1.4 LIMITATION OF STUDY
The researcher project is limited to Elephant flour Mill and process is mainly based on planning as a tool for achieving organizational productivity. Other factors that restrict our capacity to this project are: shortage of fund, time constraint and inadequate of army of field workers to show us the hidden fact.
However, despite all the constraint we still manage together and get all the suitable resources that is needled for the study.
1.5 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
The various questions raised are conceptual from the purpose of study which research intends to fulfill. These include:
- Does your organization prepare written ling range plans covering at least three year? Yes [ ] No [ ]
- If Yes, what time, period does it covers? ……………………………….
- How long does your organization prepare a long range plan (years)? ……………
- Who is responsible for the range planning/strategic planning of your organization? ……………….
- Do your organization realized the benefits of strategic planning? Yes [ ] No [ ]
- Is there any relationship between strategic planning and the productivity of your organization? Yes [ ] No [ ]
- Does your organization achieve its long run objectives or goals through effective implementation of strategic Planning? Yes [ ] No [ ]
The possible hypothesis for the above research questions are:
- Null hypothesis: strategic planning does not have effect on organizational productivity.
Alternative hypothesis: strategic planning has positive effect on organization productivity.
- Null hypothesis: strategic planning does not ensure effective and efficient utilization of organizational resources.
Alternative Hypothesis: strategic planning does not ensures effective and efficient utilization of organizational resources.
- HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Elephant flour mill is associated with the elephant Group world wide, the single largest company in the world, which is renowned for its top quality products. An elephant flour mill began simple trading operation in Nigeria in 1961 and has today grown into a leading cement manufacturing and marketing company. It is publicly quoted company, listed since 1978, on the Nigeria Stock Exchange. 43% of its equity is owned by Nigeria shareholders, while 57% is owned by elephant flour mill of Switzerland. The company’s head office and registered office is located at Ilupeju Lagos state.
Elephant flour mills is the cement and beverage industry and its objective is to certify the requirement of consumers with high quality food products, mainly by processing agricultural raw materials into product with long self life, adapted to the taste and food habits of he consumer.
Our manufacturing facilities are located at Agbara industrial estate, in Ogun state. The main production areas have been designed in line with modern manufacturing methods, which ensure efficient product of the various products, beverages and culinary product. The company, with the assistance of its technical advisers, has built and commissioned at its Agbara site, a fully integrated plant producing concentrated sorghum malt extract.
The company also produces hydrolyzed protein mix using local raw materials. Through all the activities enumerated above. Elephant flour mill aims to optimize its long term viability. With the physical and skilled human resources available to it high quality products, high standards of integrity, efficient management, and access to the technique advisers, elephant flour mill will through its success, continue to contribute to the progress, prosperity and economic development of Nigeria.
Our distribution system ensure the widest possible penetration of our products into the Nigerian market at a pan – Nigeria price which is the same for every buyer anywhere in Nigeria. At the heat of the system is our distribution center which occupies and 8 – hectare site in Ota industries Estate Ogun State. It is one of the largest warehouses of it land Africa.
1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS
STRATEGY: Basically, the English chambers dictionary defines strategy as generalship, art of conducting a campaign and neneuvering an army. And better still “a plan for gaining advantage” Chandler (1962) defined a strategy as the determination of the basic long term goals an objectives of an enterprise and the adoption if courses of actions and allocation of resources necessary to carryout these goals” it can therefore be seen as a set of programmes designed to enable the organization achieve it goal and objectives.
PLANNING: Planning is defined as the metal process of setting objectives and determining the means of achieving the objectives. It entails deciding in advance what to do, how to do, when to do and who to do. In short, it is blue print for business actions. According to King (1987) continuous reliance in ‘good luck’ to maintain adequate performance could be suicidal, hence the need for planning.
STRATEGIES PLANNING: Strategic planning otherwise known as corporate strategic planning perspective, long term planning, can be defined as the formal process of determining long, medium an short term objectives and goals of any organization and how to achieve them.
ORGANIZATION: Organization is described as bringing together of people and material needed to carryout plans and grouping the people to help them to complete the required task.
PRODUCTIVITY: Productivity means the efficient and effective utilization of resources. It has do with how productive land, capital, labour and entrepreneur are: This productivity of resources can only be measured in terms of their (resources) outputs. This is what productivity concept is regarded as a concept of returns.